The English Madrigal School was the brief but intense flowering of the musical madrigal in England, mostly from 1588 to 1627, along with the composers who produced them. The English madrigals were a cappella, predominantly light in style, and generally began as either copies or direct translations of Italian models. Most were for three to six voices.

The development that caused the explosion of madrigal composition in England, however, was the development of native poetry — especially the sonnet — which was conducive to setting to music in the Italian style.

The most influential composers of madrigals in England, and the ones whose works have survived best to the present day, were Thomas Morley and John Wilbye. Morley’s style is melodic, easily singable, and remains popular with a cappella singing groups. Wilbye’s madrigals are distinctive with their expressiveness and chromaticism; they would never be confused with their Italian predecessors.

Madrigals continued to be composed in England through the 1620s, but the air and "recitative music" rendered the contrapuntal style unfashionable.